Expr: execute abstract blocks and whiteboxes with unfiltered effect
This commit also contains a fix for a curious exploit of our type system which was made possible by a combination of local exceptions and a special treatment of abstract blocks and whiteboxes. Local exceptions allow us to exploit the type inference mechanism and to force the same regions onto unrelated expressions. This is due to the fact that local exceptions are region-monomorphic (this may be relaxed in future). Of course, this was always possible via the API, and the false aliases do not threaten the soundness of the system, thanks to the following critical invariant: An allocation of a new mutable value always has an associated reset effect which invalidates the existing variables of the same type. So, if two variables share a region, then exactly one of three conditions must hold: 1. They are actually aliased, and modification of one must change the other in the VC. 2. They are not aliased, but the newer one invalidates the other: this is a case of false alias made benign by the reset effect. 3. The shared region is not actually reachable from the newer one: let x = if true then None else Some r this is another false alias, without an associated reset effect, yet still benign since the shared region is not reachable from x. However, the type system and the VC generator must have the exact same view on who's who's alias. If the VCgen encounters in the same control flow two variables with a shared region in the type, then the type system must have ensured one of the three conditions above. Prior to this commit, there were two cases which violated this: - An exception raised in an abstract block that does not have an exceptional postcondition for it, escapes into the main control flow. - A whitebox, by its nature, is fully handled inside the main control flow. The violation came from the fact that abstract blocks and whiteboxes are stored as cexps and so their effect is filtered by Ity.create_cty in order to hide effects on variables allocated and collected inside the block. This is a useful and necessary feature, except when the VC of the block escapes into the main control flow and the forced false aliases -- unchecked by the type system -- are seen by VCgen. The implemented fix resolves the issue by restoring the hidden effects for abstract blocks and whiteboxes. Check bench/programs/bad-typing/false_alias*.mlw for two concrete examples.
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