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(**************************************************************************)
(*                                                                        *)
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(*  Copyright (C) 2010-                                                   *)
(*    Francois Bobot                                                      *)
(*    Jean-Christophe Filliatre                                           *)
(*    Johannes Kanig                                                      *)
(*    Andrei Paskevich                                                    *)
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(*                                                                        *)
(*  This software is free software; you can redistribute it and/or        *)
(*  modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public           *)
(*  License version 2.1, with the special exception on linking            *)
(*  described in file LICENSE.                                            *)
(*                                                                        *)
(*  This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,      *)
(*  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of        *)
(*  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.                  *)
(*                                                                        *)
(**************************************************************************)
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open Util
open Format
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open Pp
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open Ident
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open Ty
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open Term
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open Ptree
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open Theory
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(** errors *)

type error = 
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  | Message of string
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  | ClashType of string
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  | DuplicateTypeVar of string
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  | UnboundType of string
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  | TypeArity of qualid * int * int
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  | Clash of string
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  | PredicateExpected
  | TermExpected
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  | UnboundSymbol of string
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  | TermExpectedType of (formatter -> unit) * (formatter -> unit) 
      (* actual / expected *)
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  | BadNumberOfArguments of Ident.ident * int * int 
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  | ClashTheory of string
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  | ClashNamespace of string
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  | UnboundTheory of string
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  | AlreadyTheory of string
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  | UnboundNamespace of string
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  | UnboundFile of string
  | UnboundDir of string
  | AmbiguousPath of string * string
  | NotInLoadpath of string
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  | CyclicTypeDef
  | UnboundTypeVar of string
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  | AnyMessage of string
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exception Error of error

let error ?loc e = match loc with
  | None -> raise (Error e)
  | Some loc -> raise (Loc.Located (loc, Error e))

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let errorm ?loc f =
  let buf = Buffer.create 512 in
  let fmt = Format.formatter_of_buffer buf in
  Format.kfprintf 
    (fun _ -> 
       Format.pp_print_flush fmt ();
       let s = Buffer.contents buf in
       Buffer.clear buf;
       error ?loc (AnyMessage s))
    fmt f

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let rec print_qualid fmt = function
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  | Qident s -> fprintf fmt "%s" s.id
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  | Qdot (m, s) -> fprintf fmt "%a.%s" print_qualid m s.id
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let report fmt = function
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  | Message s ->
      fprintf fmt "%s" s
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  | ClashType s ->
      fprintf fmt "clash with previous type %s" s
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  | DuplicateTypeVar s ->
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      fprintf fmt "duplicate type parameter %s" s
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  | UnboundType s ->
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       fprintf fmt "Unbound type '%s'" s
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  | TypeArity (id, a, n) ->
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      fprintf fmt "@[The type %a expects %d argument(s),@ " print_qualid id a;
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      fprintf fmt "but is applied to %d argument(s)@]" n
  | Clash id ->
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      fprintf fmt "Clash with previous symbol %s" id
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  | PredicateExpected ->
      fprintf fmt "syntax error: predicate expected"
  | TermExpected ->
      fprintf fmt "syntax error: term expected"
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  | UnboundSymbol s ->
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       fprintf fmt "Unbound symbol '%s'" s
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  | BadNumberOfArguments (s, n, m) ->
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      fprintf fmt "@[Symbol `%s' is applied to %d terms,@ " s.id_short n;
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      fprintf fmt "but is expecting %d arguments@]" m
  | TermExpectedType (ty1, ty2) ->
      fprintf fmt "@[This term has type "; ty1 fmt; 
      fprintf fmt "@ but is expected to have type@ "; ty2 fmt; fprintf fmt "@]"
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  | ClashTheory s ->
      fprintf fmt "clash with previous theory %s" s
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  | ClashNamespace s ->
      fprintf fmt "clash with previous namespace %s" s
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  | UnboundTheory s ->
      fprintf fmt "unbound theory %s" s
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  | AlreadyTheory s ->
      fprintf fmt "already using a theory with name %s" s
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  | UnboundNamespace s ->
      fprintf fmt "unbound namespace %s" s
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  | UnboundFile s ->
      fprintf fmt "no such file %s" s
  | UnboundDir s ->
      fprintf fmt "no such directory %s" s
  | AmbiguousPath (f1, f2) ->
      fprintf fmt "@[ambiguous path:@ both `%s'@ and `%s'@ match@]" f1 f2
  | NotInLoadpath f ->
      fprintf fmt "cannot find `%s' in loadpath" f
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  | CyclicTypeDef ->
      fprintf fmt "cyclic type definition"
  | UnboundTypeVar s ->
      fprintf fmt "unbound type variable '%s" s
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  | AnyMessage s ->
      fprintf fmt "%s" s
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(** Environments *)

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module S = Set.Make(String)
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module M = Map.Make(String)

type env = {
  loadpath : string list;
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  theories : theory M.t; (* local theories *)
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}

let create lp = {
  loadpath = lp;
  theories = M.empty;
}
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(** typing using destructive type variables 
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    parsed trees        intermediate trees       typed trees
      (Ptree)               (D below)               (Term)
   -----------------------------------------------------------
     ppure_type  ---dty--->   dty       ---ty--->    ty
      lexpr      --dterm-->   dterm     --term-->    term
      lexpr      --dfmla-->   dfmla     --fmla-->    fmla
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*)

(** types with destructive type variables *)

type dty =
  | Tyvar of type_var
  | Tyapp of tysymbol * dty list
      
and type_var = { 
  tag : int; 
  user : bool;
  tvsymbol : tvsymbol;
  mutable type_val : dty option;
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  type_var_loc : loc option;
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}
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let rec print_dty fmt = function
  | Tyvar { type_val = Some t } ->
      print_dty fmt t
  | Tyvar { type_val = None; tvsymbol = v } ->
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      fprintf fmt "'%s" v.id_short
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  | Tyapp (s, []) ->
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      fprintf fmt "%s" s.ts_name.id_short
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  | Tyapp (s, [t]) -> 
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      fprintf fmt "%a %s" print_dty t s.ts_name.id_short
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  | Tyapp (s, l) -> 
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      fprintf fmt "(%a) %s" 
	(print_list comma print_dty) l s.ts_name.id_short
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let create_type_var =
  let t = ref 0 in
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  fun ?loc ~user tv -> 
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    incr t; 
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    { tag = !t; user = user; tvsymbol = tv; type_val = None;
      type_var_loc = loc }
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let rec occurs v = function
  | Tyvar { type_val = Some t } -> occurs v t
  | Tyvar { tag = t; type_val = None } -> v.tag = t
  | Tyapp (_, l) -> List.exists (occurs v) l

(* destructive type unification *)
let rec unify t1 t2 = match t1, t2 with
  | Tyvar { type_val = Some t1 }, _ ->
      unify t1 t2
  | _, Tyvar { type_val = Some t2 } ->
      unify t1 t2
  | Tyvar v1, Tyvar v2 when v1.tag = v2.tag ->
      true
	(* instantiable variables *)
  | Tyvar ({user=false} as v), t
  | t, Tyvar ({user=false} as v) ->
      not (occurs v t) && (v.type_val <- Some t; true)
	(* recursive types *)
  | Tyapp (s1, l1), Tyapp (s2, l2) ->
      s1 == s2 && List.length l1 = List.length l2 &&
	  List.for_all2 unify l1 l2
  | Tyapp _, _ | _, Tyapp _ ->
      false
	(* other cases *)
  | Tyvar {user=true; tag=t1}, Tyvar {user=true; tag=t2} -> 
      t1 = t2

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(** Destructive typing environment, that is
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    environment + local variables.
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    It is only local to this module and created with [create_denv] below. *)
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type denv = { 
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  th : theory_uc; (* the theory under construction *)
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  utyvars : (string, type_var) Hashtbl.t; (* user type variables *)
  dvars : dty M.t; (* local variables, to be bound later *)
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}

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let create_denv th = { 
  th = th; 
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  utyvars = Hashtbl.create 17; 
  dvars = M.empty;
}
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let find_user_type_var x env =
  try
    Hashtbl.find env.utyvars x
  with Not_found ->
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    (* TODO: shouldn't we localize this ident? *)
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    let v = create_tvsymbol (id_fresh x) in
    let v = create_type_var ~user:true v in
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    Hashtbl.add env.utyvars x v;
    v
 
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(* Specialize *)

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module Htv = Hid
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let find_type_var ~loc env tv =
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  try
    Htv.find env tv
  with Not_found ->
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    let v = create_type_var ~loc ~user:false tv in
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    Htv.add env tv v;
    v
 
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let rec specialize ~loc env t = match t.ty_node with
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  | Ty.Tyvar tv -> 
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      Tyvar (find_type_var ~loc env tv)
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  | Ty.Tyapp (s, tl) ->
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      Tyapp (s, List.map (specialize ~loc env) tl)
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(** generic find function using a path *)

let find_local_namespace {id=x; id_loc=loc} ns = 
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  try Mnm.find x ns.ns_ns
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  with Not_found -> error ~loc (UnboundNamespace x)

let rec find_namespace q ns = match q with
  | Qident t -> find_local_namespace t ns
  | Qdot (q, t) -> let ns = find_namespace q ns in find_local_namespace t ns

let rec find f q ns = match q with
  | Qident x -> f x ns
  | Qdot (m, x) -> let ns = find_namespace m ns in f x ns

(** specific find functions using a path *)

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let find_local_tysymbol {id=x; id_loc=loc} ns = 
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  try Mnm.find x ns.ns_ts
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  with Not_found -> error ~loc (UnboundType x)

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let find_tysymbol_ns p ns =
  find find_local_tysymbol p ns

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let find_tysymbol p th = 
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  find_tysymbol_ns p (get_namespace th)
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let specialize_tysymbol ~loc x env =
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  let s = find_tysymbol x env.th in
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  let env = Htv.create 17 in
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  s, List.map (find_type_var ~loc env) s.ts_args
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let find_lsymbol {id=x; id_loc=loc} ns = 
  try Mnm.find x ns.ns_ls
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  with Not_found -> error ~loc (UnboundSymbol x)

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let find_lsymbol_ns p ns = 
  find find_lsymbol p ns
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let find_lsymbol p th = 
  find_lsymbol_ns p (get_namespace th)
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let specialize_fsymbol ~loc s =
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  let tl, t = match s.ls_value with
    | Some t -> s.ls_args, t
    | _ -> assert false (* FIXME: is it right? *)
  in
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  let env = Htv.create 17 in
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  s, List.map (specialize ~loc env) tl, specialize ?loc env t
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let find_lsymbol {id=x; id_loc=loc} ns = 
  try Mnm.find x ns.ns_ls
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  with Not_found -> error ~loc (UnboundSymbol x)

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let find_lsymbol_ns p ns =
  find find_lsymbol p ns
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let find_lsymbol p th =
  find_lsymbol_ns p (get_namespace th)
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let specialize_psymbol ~loc s =
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  let tl = match s.ls_value with
    | None -> s.ls_args
    | _ -> assert false (* FIXME: is it right? *)
  in
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  let env = Htv.create 17 in
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  s, List.map (specialize ~loc env) tl
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(** Typing types *)

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let rec qloc = function
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  | Qident x -> x.id_loc
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  | Qdot (m, x) -> Loc.join (qloc m) x.id_loc
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(* parsed types -> intermediate types *)
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let rec type_inst s ty = match ty.ty_node with
  | Ty.Tyvar n -> Mid.find n s
  | Ty.Tyapp (ts, tyl) -> Tyapp (ts, List.map (type_inst s) tyl)

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let rec dty env = function
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  | PPTtyvar {id=x} -> 
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      Tyvar (find_user_type_var x env)
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  | PPTtyapp (p, x) ->
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      let loc = qloc x in
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      let ts, tv = specialize_tysymbol ~loc x env in
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      let np = List.length p in
      let a = List.length tv in
      if np <> a then error ~loc (TypeArity (x, a, np));
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      let tyl = List.map (dty env) p in
      match ts.ts_def with
	| None -> 
	    Tyapp (ts, tyl)
	| Some ty -> 
	    let add m v t = Mid.add v t m in
            let s = List.fold_left2 add Mid.empty ts.ts_args tyl in
	    type_inst s ty
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(* intermediate types -> types *)
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let rec ty_of_dty = function
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  | Tyvar { type_val = Some t } ->
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      ty_of_dty t
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  | Tyvar { type_val = None; user = false; type_var_loc = loc } ->
      errorm ?loc "undefined type variable"
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  | Tyvar { tvsymbol = tv } ->
      Ty.ty_var tv
  | Tyapp (s, tl) ->
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      Ty.ty_app s (List.map ty_of_dty tl)
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(** Typing terms and formulas *)
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type dpattern = { dp_node : dpattern_node; dp_ty : dty }

and dpattern_node =
  | Pwild
  | Pvar of string
  | Papp of lsymbol * dpattern list
  | Pas of dpattern * string

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type uquant = string list * dty

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type dterm = { dt_node : dterm_node; dt_ty : dty }

and dterm_node =
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  | Tvar of string
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  | Tconst of constant
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  | Tapp of lsymbol * dterm list
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  | Tlet of dterm * string * dterm
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  | Tmatch of dterm * (dpattern * dterm) list
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  | Tnamed of string * dterm
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  | Teps of string * dfmla

and dfmla = 
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  | Fapp of lsymbol * dterm list
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  | Fquant of quant * uquant list * dtrigger list list * dfmla
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  | Fbinop of binop * dfmla * dfmla
  | Fnot of dfmla
  | Ftrue
  | Ffalse
  | Fif of dfmla * dfmla * dfmla
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  | Flet of dterm * string * dfmla
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  | Fmatch of dterm * (dpattern * dfmla) list
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  | Fnamed of string * dfmla
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and dtrigger =
  | TRterm of dterm
  | TRfmla of dfmla

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let binop = function
  | PPand -> Fand
  | PPor -> For
  | PPimplies -> Fimplies
  | PPiff -> Fiff

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let rec dpat env pat =
  let env, n, ty = dpat_node pat.pat_loc env pat.pat_desc in
  env, { dp_node = n; dp_ty = ty }

and dpat_node loc env = function
  | PPpwild -> 
      let tv = create_tvsymbol (id_user "a" loc) in
      let ty = Tyvar (create_type_var ~loc ~user:false tv) in
      env, Pwild, ty
  | PPpvar {id=x} ->
      if M.mem x env.dvars then assert false; (* FIXME? *)
      let tv = create_tvsymbol (id_user "a" loc) in
      let ty = Tyvar (create_type_var ~loc ~user:false tv) in
      let env = { env with dvars = M.add x ty env.dvars } in
      env, Pvar x, ty
  | PPpapp (x, pl) ->
      let s = find_lsymbol x env.th in
      let s, tyl, ty = specialize_fsymbol ~loc s in
      let env, pl = dpat_args s.ls_name loc env tyl pl in
      env, Papp (s, pl), ty
  | PPpas (p, {id=x}) ->
      let env, p = dpat env p in
      if M.mem x env.dvars then assert false; (* FIXME? *)
      let env = { env with dvars = M.add x p.dp_ty env.dvars } in
      env, Pas (p,x), p.dp_ty

and dpat_args s loc env el pl = assert false (* TODO *)
(*
  let n = List.length el and m = List.length tl in
  if n <> m then error ~loc (BadNumberOfArguments (s, m, n));
  let rec check_arg = function
    | [], [] -> 
	[]
    | a :: al, t :: bl ->
	let loc = t.pp_loc in
	let t = dterm env t in
	if not (unify a t.dt_ty) then
	  error ~loc (TermExpectedType ((fun f -> print_dty f t.dt_ty),
					(fun f -> print_dty f a)));
	t :: check_arg (al, bl)
    | _ ->
	assert false
  in
  check_arg (el, tl)
*)

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let rec trigger_not_a_term_exn = function
  | Error (TermExpected | UnboundSymbol _) -> true
  | Loc.Located (_, exn) -> trigger_not_a_term_exn exn
  | _ -> false

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let rec dterm env t = 
  let n, ty = dterm_node t.pp_loc env t.pp_desc in
  { dt_node = n; dt_ty = ty }

and dterm_node loc env = function
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  | PPvar (Qident {id=x}) when M.mem x env.dvars ->
      (* local variable *)
      let ty = M.find x env.dvars in
      Tvar x, ty
  | PPvar x -> 
      (* 0-arity symbol (constant) *)
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      let s = find_lsymbol x env.th in
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      let s, tyl, ty = specialize_fsymbol ~loc s in
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      let n = List.length tyl in
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      if n > 0 then error ~loc (BadNumberOfArguments (s.ls_name, 0, n));
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      Tapp (s, []), ty
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  | PPapp (x, tl) ->
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      let s = find_lsymbol x env.th in
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      let s, tyl, ty = specialize_fsymbol ~loc s in
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      let tl = dtype_args s.ls_name loc env tyl tl in
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      Tapp (s, tl), ty
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  | PPconst (ConstInt _ as c) ->
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      Tconst c, Tyapp (Ty.ts_int, [])
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  | PPconst (ConstReal _ as c) ->
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      Tconst c, Tyapp (Ty.ts_real, [])
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  | PPlet ({id=x}, e1, e2) ->
      let e1 = dterm env e1 in
      let ty = e1.dt_ty in
      let env = { env with dvars = M.add x ty env.dvars } in
      let e2 = dterm env e2 in
      Tlet (e1, x, e2), e2.dt_ty
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  | PPmatch (e1, bl) ->
      (* TODO: unify e1.type with patterns *)
      (* TODO: unify branch types with each other *)
      let branch (pat, e) =
        let env, pat = dpat env pat in
        pat, dterm env e
      in
      let bl = List.map branch bl in
      let ty = (snd (List.hd bl)).dt_ty in
      Tmatch (dterm env e1, bl), ty
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  | PPnamed (x, e1) ->
      let e1 = dterm env e1 in
      Tnamed (x, e1), e1.dt_ty
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  | PPquant _ | PPif _ 
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  | PPprefix _ | PPinfix _ | PPfalse | PPtrue ->
      error ~loc TermExpected
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and dfmla env e = match e.pp_desc with
  | PPtrue ->
      Ftrue
  | PPfalse ->
      Ffalse
  | PPprefix (PPnot, a) ->
      Fnot (dfmla env a)
  | PPinfix (a, (PPand | PPor | PPimplies | PPiff as op), b) ->
      Fbinop (binop op, dfmla env a, dfmla env b)
  | PPif (a, b, c) ->
      Fif (dfmla env a, dfmla env b, dfmla env c)  
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  | PPquant (q, uqu, trl, a) ->
      let uquant env (idl,ty) =
        let ty = dty env ty in
        let env, idl = 
          map_fold_left
            (fun env {id=x} -> { env with dvars = M.add x ty env.dvars }, x)
            env idl
        in
        env, (idl,ty)
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      in
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      let env, uqu = map_fold_left uquant env uqu in
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      let trigger e = (* FIXME? *)
	try 
	  TRterm (dterm env e) 
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	with exn when trigger_not_a_term_exn exn ->
	  TRfmla (dfmla env e) 
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      in
      let trl = List.map (List.map trigger) trl in
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      let q = match q with 
        | PPforall -> Fforall 
        | PPexists -> Fexists
      in
      Fquant (q, uqu, trl, dfmla env a)
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  | PPapp (x, tl) ->
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      let s = find_lsymbol x env.th in
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      let s, tyl = specialize_psymbol ~loc:e.pp_loc s in
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      let tl = dtype_args s.ls_name e.pp_loc env tyl tl in
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      Fapp (s, tl)
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  | PPlet ({id=x}, e1, e2) ->
      let e1 = dterm env e1 in
      let ty = e1.dt_ty in
      let env = { env with dvars = M.add x ty env.dvars } in
      let e2 = dfmla env e2 in
      Flet (e1, x, e2)
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  | PPmatch (e1, bl) ->
      (* TODO: unify e1.type with patterns *)
      (* TODO: unify branch types with each other *)
      let branch (pat, e) =
        let env, pat = dpat env pat in
        pat, dfmla env e
      in
      Fmatch (dterm env e1, List.map branch bl)
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  | PPnamed (x, f1) ->
      let f1 = dfmla env f1 in
      Fnamed (x, f1)
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  | PPvar _ -> 
      assert false (* TODO *)
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  | PPconst _ ->
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      error ~loc:e.pp_loc PredicateExpected
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and dtype_args s loc env el tl =
  let n = List.length el and m = List.length tl in
  if n <> m then error ~loc (BadNumberOfArguments (s, m, n));
  let rec check_arg = function
    | [], [] -> 
	[]
    | a :: al, t :: bl ->
	let loc = t.pp_loc in
	let t = dterm env t in
	if not (unify a t.dt_ty) then
	  error ~loc (TermExpectedType ((fun f -> print_dty f t.dt_ty),
					(fun f -> print_dty f a)));
	t :: check_arg (al, bl)
    | _ ->
	assert false
  in
  check_arg (el, tl)

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let rec pattern env p = 
  let ty = ty_of_dty p.dp_ty in
  match p.dp_node with
  | Pwild -> env, pat_wild ty
  | Pvar x -> 
      if M.mem x env then assert false; (* FIXME? *)
      let v = create_vsymbol (id_fresh x) ty in
      M.add x v env, pat_var v
  | Papp (s, pl) -> 
      let env, pl = map_fold_left pattern env pl in
      env, pat_app s pl ty
  | Pas (p, x) ->
      if M.mem x env then assert false; (* FIXME? *)
      let v = create_vsymbol (id_fresh x) ty in
      let env, p = pattern (M.add x v env) p in
      env, pat_as p v

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let rec term env t = match t.dt_node with
  | Tvar x ->
      assert (M.mem x env);
      t_var (M.find x env)
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  | Tconst c ->
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      t_const c (ty_of_dty t.dt_ty)
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  | Tapp (s, tl) ->
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      t_app s (List.map (term env) tl) (ty_of_dty t.dt_ty)
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  | Tlet (e1, x, e2) ->
      let ty = ty_of_dty e1.dt_ty in
      let e1 = term env e1 in 
      let v = create_vsymbol (id_fresh x) ty in
      let env = M.add x v env in
      let e2 = term env e2 in
      t_let v e1 e2
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  | Tmatch (e1, bl) ->
      let branch (pat,e) =
        let env, pat = pattern env pat in
        (pat, term env e)
      in
      let bl = List.map branch bl in
      let ty = (snd (List.hd bl)).t_ty in
      t_case (term env e1) bl ty
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  | Tnamed (x, e1) ->
      let e1 = term env e1 in
      t_label_add x e1
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  | Teps _ ->
      assert false (*TODO*)
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and fmla env = function
  | Ftrue ->
      f_true
  | Ffalse ->
      f_false 
  | Fnot f ->
      f_not (fmla env f)
  | Fbinop (op, f1, f2) ->
      f_binary op (fmla env f1) (fmla env f2)
  | Fif (f1, f2, f3) ->
      f_if (fmla env f1) (fmla env f2) (fmla env f3)
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  | Fquant (q, uqu, trl, f1) ->
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      (* TODO: shouldn't we localize this ident? *)
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      let uquant env (xl,ty) =
        let ty = ty_of_dty ty in
        map_fold_left
          (fun env x -> 
             let v = create_vsymbol (id_fresh x) ty in M.add x v env, v) 
          env xl 
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      in
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      let env, vl = map_fold_left uquant env uqu in
      (* TODO: triggers *)
      f_quant q (List.concat vl) [] (fmla env f1)
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  | Fapp (s, tl) ->
      f_app s (List.map (term env) tl)
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  | Flet (e1, x, f2) ->
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      let ty = ty_of_dty e1.dt_ty in
      let e1 = term env e1 in 
      let v = create_vsymbol (id_fresh x) ty in
      let env = M.add x v env in
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      let f2 = fmla env f2 in
      f_let v e1 f2
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  | Fmatch (e1, bl) ->
      let branch (pat,e) =
        let env, pat = pattern env pat in
        (pat, fmla env e)
      in
      f_case (term env e1) (List.map branch bl)
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  | Fnamed (x, f1) ->
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      let f1 = fmla env f1 in
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      f_label_add x f1
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(** Typing declarations, that is building environments. *)
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open Ptree

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let add_types loc dl th =
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  let ns = get_namespace th in
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  let def = 
    List.fold_left 
      (fun def d -> 
	 let id = d.td_ident in
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	 if M.mem id.id def || Mnm.mem id.id ns.ns_ts then 
	   error ~loc:id.id_loc (ClashType id.id);
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	 M.add id.id d def) 
      M.empty dl 
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  in
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  let tysymbols = Hashtbl.create 17 in
  let rec visit x = 
    try
      match Hashtbl.find tysymbols x with
	| None -> error CyclicTypeDef
	| Some ts -> ts
    with Not_found ->
      Hashtbl.add tysymbols x None;
      let d = M.find x def in
      let id = d.td_ident.id in
      let vars = Hashtbl.create 17 in
      let vl = 
	List.map 
	  (fun v -> 
	     if Hashtbl.mem vars v.id then 
	       error ~loc:v.id_loc (DuplicateTypeVar v.id);
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	     let i = create_tvsymbol (id_user v.id v.id_loc) in
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	     Hashtbl.add vars v.id i;
	     i)
	  d.td_params 
      in
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      let id = id_user id d.td_ident.id_loc in
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      let ts = match d.td_def with
	| TDalias ty -> 
	    let rec apply = function
	      | PPTtyvar v -> 
		  begin 
		    try ty_var (Hashtbl.find vars v.id)
		    with Not_found -> error ~loc:v.id_loc (UnboundTypeVar v.id)
		  end
	      | PPTtyapp (tyl, q) ->
		  let ts = match q with
		    | Qident x when M.mem x.id def ->
			visit x.id
		    | Qident _ | Qdot _ ->
			find_tysymbol q th
		  in
		  try
		    ty_app ts (List.map apply tyl)
		  with Ty.BadTypeArity ->
		    error ~loc:(qloc q) (TypeArity (q, List.length ts.ts_args,
						    List.length tyl))
	    in
	    create_tysymbol id vl (Some (apply ty))
	| TDabstract | TDalgebraic _ -> 
	    create_tysymbol id vl None
      in
      Hashtbl.add tysymbols x (Some ts);
      ts
  in
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  let th' = 
    let tsl = 
      M.fold (fun x _ tsl -> let ts = visit x in (ts, Tabstract) :: tsl) def []
    in
    add_decl th (create_type tsl)
  in
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  let decl d = 
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    let ts, th' = match Hashtbl.find tysymbols d.td_ident.id with
      | None -> 
	  assert false
      | Some ts -> 
	  let th' = create_denv th' in
	  let vars = th'.utyvars in
	  List.iter 
	    (fun v -> 
	       Hashtbl.add vars v.id_short (create_type_var ~user:true v)) 
	    ts.ts_args;
	  ts, th'
    in
    let d = match d.td_def with
      | TDabstract | TDalias _ -> 
	  Tabstract
      | TDalgebraic cl -> 
	  let ty = ty_app ts (List.map ty_var ts.ts_args) in
	  let constructor (loc, id, pl) = 
	    let param (_, t) = ty_of_dty (dty th' t) in
	    let tyl = List.map param pl in
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	    create_fconstr (id_user id.id id.id_loc) tyl ty
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	  in
	  Talgebraic (List.map constructor cl)
    in
    ts, d
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  in
  let dl = List.map decl dl in
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  add_decl th (create_type dl)
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let env_of_vsymbol_list vl =
  List.fold_left (fun env v -> M.add v.vs_name.id_short v env) M.empty vl

let add_logics loc dl th =
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  let ns = get_namespace th in
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  let fsymbols = Hashtbl.create 17 in
  let psymbols = Hashtbl.create 17 in
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  let denvs = Hashtbl.create 17 in
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  (* 1. create all symbols and make an environment with these symbols *)
  let create_symbol th d = 
    let id = d.ld_ident.id in
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    if Hashtbl.mem denvs id || Mnm.mem id ns.ns_ls then error ~loc (Clash id);
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    let v = id_user id loc in
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    let denv = create_denv th in
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    Hashtbl.add denvs id denv;
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    let type_ty (_,t) = ty_of_dty (dty denv t) in
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    let pl = List.map type_ty d.ld_params in
    match d.ld_type with
      | None -> (* predicate *)
	  let ps = create_psymbol v pl in
	  Hashtbl.add psymbols id ps;
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	  add_decl th (create_logic [Lpredicate (ps, None)])
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      | Some t -> (* function *)
	  let t = type_ty (None, t) in
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	  let fs = create_fsymbol v pl t in
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	  Hashtbl.add fsymbols id fs;
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	  add_decl th (create_logic [Lfunction (fs, None)])
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  in
  let th' = List.fold_left create_symbol th dl in
  (* 2. then type-check all definitions *)
  let type_decl d = 
    let id = d.ld_ident.id in
    let dadd_var denv (x, ty) = match x with
      | None -> denv
      | Some id -> { denv with dvars = M.add id.id (dty denv ty) denv.dvars }
    in
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    let denv = Hashtbl.find denvs id in
    let denv = { denv with th = th' } in
    let denv = List.fold_left dadd_var denv d.ld_params in
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    let create_var (x, _) ty = 
      let id = match x with 
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	| None -> id_fresh "%x"
	| Some id -> id_user id.id id.id_loc
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      in
      create_vsymbol id ty
    in
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    let mk_vlist = List.map2 create_var d.ld_params in
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    match d.ld_type with
    | None -> (* predicate *)
	let ps = Hashtbl.find psymbols id in
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        let defn = match d.ld_def with
	  | None -> None
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	  | Some f -> 
	      let f = dfmla denv f in
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              let vl = match ps.ls_value with
                | None -> mk_vlist ps.ls_args
                | _ -> assert false
              in
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	      let env = env_of_vsymbol_list vl in
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              Some (make_ps_defn ps vl (fmla env f))
        in
        Lpredicate (ps, defn)
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    | Some ty -> (* function *)
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	let fs = Hashtbl.find fsymbols id in
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        let defn = match d.ld_def with
	  | None -> None
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	  | Some t -> 
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	      let loc = t.pp_loc in
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	      let t = dterm denv t in
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              let vl = match fs.ls_value with
                | Some _ -> mk_vlist fs.ls_args
                | _ -> assert false
              in
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	      let env = env_of_vsymbol_list vl in
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              try Some (make_fs_defn fs vl (term env t))
	      with _ -> error ~loc (TermExpectedType 
                ((fun f -> print_dty f t.dt_ty),
                 (fun f -> print_dty f (dty denv ty))))
        in
        Lfunction (fs, defn)
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  in
  let dl = List.map type_decl dl in
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  add_decl th (create_logic dl)
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let term env t =
  let denv = create_denv env in
  let t = dterm denv t in
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  term M.empty t
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let fmla env f =
  let denv = create_denv env in
  let f = dfmla denv f in
  fmla M.empty f

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let add_prop k loc s f th =
  let f = fmla th f in
  try
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    add_decl th (create_prop k (id_user s.id loc) f)
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  with ClashSymbol _ ->
    error ~loc (Clash s.id)
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let find_in_loadpath env f =
  let rec find c lp = match lp, c with
    | [], None -> 
	error ~loc:f.id_loc (NotInLoadpath f.id)
    | [], Some file ->
	file
    | dir :: lp, _ ->
	let file = Filename.concat dir f.id in
	if Sys.file_exists file then begin match c with
	  | None -> find (Some file) lp
	  | Some file' -> error ~loc:f.id_loc (AmbiguousPath (file, file'))
	end else
	  find c lp
  in
  find None env.loadpath

let locate_file env q = 
  let rec locate_dir = function
    | Qident d ->
	find_in_loadpath env d
    | Qdot (q, d) -> 
	let dir = locate_dir q in
	let dir = Filename.concat dir d.id in
	if not (Sys.file_exists dir) then error ~loc:d.id_loc (UnboundDir dir);
	dir
  in
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  match q with
    | Qident f -> 
	find_in_loadpath env { f with id = f.id ^ ".why" }
    | Qdot (p, f) -> 
	let dir = locate_dir p in 
	let file = Filename.concat dir f.id ^ ".why" in
	if not (Sys.file_exists file) then 
	  error ~loc:(qloc q) (UnboundFile file);
	file
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let loaded_theories = Hashtbl.create 17 (* file -> string -> Theory.t *)
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(* parse file and store all theories into parsed_theories *)
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let load_file file =
  let c = open_in file in
  let lb = Lexing.from_channel c in
  Loc.set_file file lb;
  let tl = Lexer.parse_logic_file lb in 
  close_in c;
  tl
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let prop_kind = function
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  | Kaxiom -> Paxiom
  | Kgoal -> Pgoal
  | Klemma -> Plemma
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let rec find_theory env q = match q with
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  | Qident id ->