MySet.ml 2.9 KB
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module Make (Ord: Map.OrderedType) =
  struct

    type elt = Ord.t
    type t = Empty | Node of t * elt * t * int

    (* Sets are represented by balanced binary trees (the heights of the
       children differ by at most 2 *)

    let height = function
        Empty -> 0
      | Node(_, _, _, h) -> h

    (* Creates a new node with left son l, value v and right son r.
       We must have all elements of l < v < all elements of r.
       l and r must be balanced and | height l - height r | <= 2.
       Inline expansion of height for better speed. *)

    let create l v r =
      let hl = match l with Empty -> 0 | Node(_,_,_,h) -> h in
      let hr = match r with Empty -> 0 | Node(_,_,_,h) -> h in
      Node(l, v, r, (if hl >= hr then hl + 1 else hr + 1))

    (* Same as create, but performs one step of rebalancing if necessary.
       Assumes l and r balanced and | height l - height r | <= 3.
       Inline expansion of create for better speed in the most frequent case
       where no rebalancing is required. *)

    let bal l v r =
      let hl = match l with Empty -> 0 | Node(_,_,_,h) -> h in
      let hr = match r with Empty -> 0 | Node(_,_,_,h) -> h in
      if hl > hr + 2 then begin
        match l with
          Empty -> invalid_arg "Set.bal"
        | Node(ll, lv, lr, _) ->
            if height ll >= height lr then
              create ll lv (create lr v r)
            else begin
              match lr with
                Empty -> invalid_arg "Set.bal"
              | Node(lrl, lrv, lrr, _)->
                  create (create ll lv lrl) lrv (create lrr v r)
            end
      end else if hr > hl + 2 then begin
        match r with
          Empty -> invalid_arg "Set.bal"
        | Node(rl, rv, rr, _) ->
            if height rr >= height rl then
              create (create l v rl) rv rr
            else begin
              match rl with
                Empty -> invalid_arg "Set.bal"
              | Node(rll, rlv, rlr, _) ->
                  create (create l v rll) rlv (create rlr rv rr)
            end
      end else
        Node(l, v, r, (if hl >= hr then hl + 1 else hr + 1))

    (* [add x t] guarantees that it returns [t] (physically unchanged)
       if [x] is already a member of [t]. *)

    let rec add x = function
        Empty -> Node(Empty, x, Empty, 1)
      | Node(l, v, r, _) as t ->
          let c = Ord.compare x v in
          if c = 0 then t else
          if c < 0 then
            let l' = add x l in
            if l == l' then t
            else bal l' v r
          else
            let r' = add x r in
            if r == r' then t
            else bal l v r'

    let empty = Empty

    let rec find x = function
        Empty -> raise Not_found
      | Node(l, v, r, _) ->
          let c = Ord.compare x v in
          if c = 0 then v
          else find x (if c < 0 then l else r)

    let rec iter f = function
        Empty -> ()
      | Node(l, v, r, _) -> iter f l; f v; iter f r

end